1. When the recruits are well established in the principles and mechanism of the step, the position of the body, and the manual of arms, the instructor will unite eight men, at least, and twelve men, at most, in order to teach them the principles of alignment, the principles of the touch of elbows in marching to the front, the principles of the march by the flank, wheeling from a halt, wheeling in marching, and the change of direction to the side of the guide.. He will place the squad in one rank elbow to elbow, and number the men from right to left.


LESSON I.-Alignments.


2. The instructor will at first teach the recruits to align themselves man by mail, in order the better to make them comprehend the principles of alignment; to this end, he will command the two men on the right fink to march two paces to the front, and having aligned them, he will caution the remainder of the squad to move up, as they may be successively called, each by his number, and align themselves successively on the line of the first two men.

3. Each recruit, as designated by his number, will turn the head and eyes to the right as proscribed in the first lesson of the first part, and will march in quick time two paces forward, shortening the last, so as to find himself about six inches behind the new alignment, which he ought never to pass; he will next move up steadily by steps of two or three inches, the hams extended, to the side of the man next to him on the alignment, so that, without

deranging the head, the line of the eyes, or that of the shoulders, he may find himself in the exact line of his neighbor, whose elbow he will lightly touch without opening his own.

4. The instructor seeing the rank well aligned, will command: FRONT.

5. At this, the recruits will turn eyes to the front, and remain firm.

6. Alignments to the left will be executed on the same principles.

7. When the recruit,; shall have thus learned to align themselves man by man, correctly, and without groping or jostling, the instructor will cause the entire rank to align itself at once by the command:


Right (or left)- DRESS.


8. At this, the rank, except the two men placed in advance as, a basis of alignment, will move up in quick time, and place themselves on the new line, according to the principles prescribed No. 312.

9. The instructor, placed five or six paces in front, and facing the rank, will carefully observe that the principles are followed, and then pass to the flank that has served as the basis, to verify the, alignment.

10.. The, instructor seeing the greater number of the rank aligned, will command:                




11. The instructor may afterwards order this or that file forward or back, designating each by its number. The file or files designated, only, will slightly turn the head towards the basis, to judge how much they ought to move. up or back, steadily place themselves on the line, and then turn eyes to the front, without a particular command to that effect.

12. Alignments to the rear will be executed on the same principles, the recruits stopping back a little beyond the line, and then dressing up according to the principles prescribed No. 312, the instructor commanding:


Right (or left backward-DRESS.


13. After each alignment, the instructor will examine the position of the men, and cause the rank to come to ordered arms, to prevent too much fatigue, and also the danger of negligence at shouldered arms.




14. The men having learned, in the first and second parts, to march with steadiness in common time, and to take Steps equal in length and swiftness, will be exercised in the third part only in quick time, double quick time, and the run; the instructor will cause them to execute Successively, at these different gaits, the march to the front, the facing about in marching, the march by the flank, the wheels at a halt and in marching, and the changes of direction to the side of the guides.

15. The instructor will inform the recruits that at the command march, they will always move off in quick time, unless this command should be preceded by that of do double quick.


To march to the front.


16. The rank being correctly aligned, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march by the front, he will place a well instructed man on the right or the left, according to the side on which he may wish the guide to be, and command:


1. Squad, forward. 2. Guide right (or left.) 3. MARCH.


17. At the command march, the rank will step off smartly with the left foot; the guide will take care to march straight to the front, keeping the shoulders always in a square with that line.

18. The instructor will observe, in marching to the front, that the men touch lightly the elbow towards the side of the guide; that they do not open out the left elbow, nor the right arm ; that they yield to pressure coming from the side of the aide, and resist that coming from the opposite side ; that they recover by in. sensible degrees the slight touch of the elbow, if lost; that they maintain the head direct to the front, no matter on which side the guide may be; and if found before or behind the alignment, that the mail in fault corrects himself by shortening or lengthening the step, by degrees. almost insensible.

19. The instructor will labor to cause recruits to comprehend that the alignment can only be preserved, in marching, by the regularity of the step, the touch of. the elbow, and the maintenance of the shoulders in a square with the line -of direction ; that if, for example, the stop of some be longer than that of others, or if some march faster than others, a separation of elbows, and a loss of the e alignment, would be inevitable; that if (it being required that the head should be direct to the front) they do not strictly observe the touch of elbows, it would be impossible for an individual to judge whether he marches abreast with his neighbor, or not, and whether there be not an interval between them.

20. The impulsion of the quick step having a tendency to make men too easy and free in their movements, the instructor will be careful to regulate the cadence of this step, and to habituate them to preserve always the erectness of the body, and the due length of the pace.

21. The men being well established in the principles of the direct march, the instructor will exercise them in marching obliquely. The rank being in march, the instructor will command


1. Right (or left). oblique. 2. -MARCH.


22. At the second command, each man will make a half face to the right (or left), and will then march straight forward in the new direction. As the men no longer touch elbows, they will glance along the shoulders of the nearest files. towards the side to which they are obliquing, and will regulate their steps so that the shoulders shall always be behind that of their next neighbor on that side, and that his head shall conceal the heads of the other men in the rank. Besides this, the men should preserve the same length of pace, and the same degree of obliquity.

23. The instructor, wishing to resume the primitive direction, will command:


1. Forward. 2. MARCH.


24. At the second command, each man will make a half face to the left (or right), and all will then march straight to the front, conforming to the principles of the direct march.


To march to the front in double quick time.


25. When the several principles, heretofore explained, have become familiar to the recruits, and they shall be well established in the position of the body, the bearing of arms, and the mechanism, length, and swiftness of the step, the instructor will pass them from quick to double quick time, and the reverse, observing not to make them march obliquely in double quick time. till they are well established in the cadence of this step.

26. The squad being at a march in quick time, the, instructor will command:


1. Double quick. 2. MARCH.


27. At the command march, which will be given when either foot is coming to the ground, the squad will step off in double quick time. The men will endeavor to follow the principles laid down in the first part of this book, and to preserve the alignment.

28. When the instructor wishes the squad to resume the step in quick time, he will command!


1. Quick time. 2. MARCH.


29. At the command march, which will be given when either foot is coming to the ground, the squad will retake the step in quick time.

30. The squad being in march, the instructor will halt it by the commands and means prescribed Nos. 98 and 99. The command halt, will be given an instant before the foot is ready to be placed on the ground.

31. The squad being in march in double quick time, the instructor will occasionally cause it I to mark time by the commands prescribed No. 240. The men will then mark double quick time, without altering the cadence of the step. He will also cause them to pass from the direct to the oblique step, and reciprocally, conforming to what has been prescribed No. 330, and following.

32. The squad being at a halt, the instructor will cause it to march in double quick time, by preceding the command march, by double quick.

33. The instructor will endeavor to regulate well the cadence of this step.


To face about in marching.


34. If the squad be marching in quick, or double quick time, and the instructor should wish to march it in retreat, he will command:


1. Squad right about. 2. MARCH.


35. At the command march, which will be given at the instant the left foot is coming to the ground, the recruit will bring this foot to the ground, and turning on it, will face to the rear; he will then place the right foot in the new direction, and step off with the left foot.


To march backwards.


36. The squad being at a halt, if the instructor should wish to march it in the back step, he will command:


1. Squad backward. 2. Guide left (or right). 3. MARCH.


37. The back step will be executed by the means prescribed No. 247.

38. The instructor, in this step, will be watchful that the men do not lean on each other.

39. As the march to the front in quick time should only be executed at shouldered arms, the instructor, in order not to fatigue the men too much, and also to prevent negligence in gait and position, will halt the squad from time to time, and cause arms to be ordered.

40. In marching at double quick time, the men will always carry their pieces on the right shoulder or at a trail. This rule is general.

41. If the instructor shall wish the pieces carried at a trail, he will give the command trail arms, before the command double quick. If, on the Contrary, this command be not given, the men will shift their pieces to the right shoulder at the command double quick. In either case, at the command halt, the men will bring their pieces to the position of shoulder arms.

This rule is general. 


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